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Danxia Landform

Danxia Landform is the general name of a unique type of landform characterized by red-colored sandstones and steep cliffs, mainly found in southeast, southwest and northwest China.

In August 2010, six Danxia landform areas in south China, with a general name of “China Danxia”, were inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. The name is given in China to landscapes developed on continental red terrigenous sedimentary beds influenced by endogenous forces (including uplift) and exogenous forces (including weathering and erosion). The six inscribed Danxia landform areas are: Mount Danxia in Guangdong Province, Mount Langshan in Hunan Province, Mount Longhu in Jiangxi Province, Mount Jianglang in Zhejiang Province, Chishui in Guizhou Province and Taining in Fujian Province. They are characterized by spectacular red cliffs and a range of erosional landforms, including dramatic natural pillars, towers, ravines, valleys and waterfalls. These rugged landscapes have helped to conserve sub-tropical broad-leaved evergreen forests, and host many species of flora and fauna, about 400 of which are considered rare or threatened.

The Danxia landforms in Langshan Mountain are the most representative and beautiful among China's Danxia landform scenic areas, and the one that has the most types, abundance and scenic spots. Langshan Mountain has not only rich Danxia landscapes but also peculiar mixed landscapes of karst landforms, wonderful river landscapes and abundant biological and cultural landscapes. Langshan Mountain is a natural biological gene bank and has many precious species such as the Taxus chinensis, silver fir, and Xinning Maolang. The cultural landscape consists of four types, namely, ancient ruins, ancient architectures, ancient tombs, and stone inscriptions. Langshan Mountain also preserves civilization sites from the Neolithic Period and the unearthed cultural relics like polished stone tools and ceramics. Among which, the colored potteries and mud-made black potteries have high scientific research value.