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Liuyang Fireworks

Fireworks are a class of explosive pyrotechnic devices used for aesthetic, cultural, and religious purposes. As the cradle of fireworks, Liuyang has become the centre of fireworks production in China.

I. Introduction

Liuyang fireworks is a recognizable traditional specialty and one of the main exports of Hunan Province, gaining Liuyang fame as the "Hometown of Fireworks". With the novel design and profusion of the sparks, Liuyang fireworks display provides a visual feast for the audience, thus being acclaimed as "Liuyang Firework Amaze the Whole World".

II. Origin and Development

As a representative of its kind, Liuyang Fireworks was originated from the Tang Dynasty (618-907A.D.) and the Song Dynasty (960-1279A.D.), including firecrackers and fireworks. People produced sparkers and fireworks after they tried different ways to set off the firecracker. As early as the Kangxi Period of the Qing Dynasty (1636-1912 A.D.), Liuyang Firework had taken shape and maintained its development till the present day. In 2004, Liuyang Fireworks was registered as a trademark approved by the State Administration of Industry and Commerce.

III. Manufacturing Technique and Product Variety

Liuyang fireworks employs the traditional technique and utilizes such raw materials as handmade paper, potassium nitrate, sulphur, charcoal powder and red and white clay. It has a variety of categories, among which the cold light firework, one that is non-toxic, odor free, possesses a low ignition point, and can be touched by hands when burning, is the most popular product of this kind.

IV. Value

At present, Liuyang County, as the biggest base for fireworks manufacture and sale, owns over 800 firework enterprises including 40 export-oriented ones, absorbing more than 70% of the surplus rural labors of the city. Additionally, the firework industry also expedites the development of other industries like mining, paper making, printing and packaging.